Bhikkhu Bodhi on climate change, social justice, and saving the world

katy steger, modified 5 Years ago.

Bhikkhu Bodhi on climate change, social justice, and saving the world

Posts: 1741 Join Date: 10/1/11 Recent Posts
I just read this. I love how, in my words, he points to results of practice being action, which works to alleviate suffering and to share and cultivating well-being.

August 20, 2015 Conscientious Compassion Bhikkhu Bodhi on climate change, social justice, and saving the world Raymond Lam
  • August 20, 2015
    Conscientious Compassion
    Bhikkhu Bodhi on climate change, social justice, and saving the worldRaymond Lam
    activism Buddhist Global Relief climate change economy Environment hunger Interfaith News Politics Theravada Community Social Justice


    American scholar and Theravada monk Venerable Bhikkhu Bodhi might not receive the same high-profile press coverage as the Roman Catholic Church’s charismatic standard-bearer Pope Francis, but it is becoming evident to Buddhism watchers and commentators that his message is every bit as bold, eloquent, and sophisticated. The recent focus on Bhikkhu Bodhi and other courageous Buddhist leaders who are highlighting imminent threats such as climate change and global hunger might well be influenced by the popular resonance with the urgency with which Pope Francis speaks about the issues. Whatever the reasons, Bhikkhu Bodhi’s actions speak loudly for themselves. As the founder and chair of the humanitarian organization Buddhist Global Relief (BGR), his activist work centers specifically on the issues of climate change (he is a spiritual ambassador for the interfaith climate change movement Our Voices) and hunger relief.

    “When we started BGR, we initially set our mission to help those afflicted with poverty, disaster, and societal neglect,” he says.

    But after a short time we realized that this was too vague and not practical. Even large, well-established humanitarian organizations like CARE and Oxfam have more precisely defined missions. As a tiny Buddhist organization, we could not tackle the whole range of human challenges on this planet without dissipating our energies.

    I thus drew on my own experience in Sri Lanka and India, where I knew many people were suffering from malnutrition—though this problem is not as acute in Sri Lanka as it is in other countries. I also had read about the extent of global hunger, and it boggled my mind to realize that close to a billion people were suffering from food insecurity and that some six million a year died from hunger and hunger-related illnesses. I learned that it would take only about $40 billion a year to eliminate global hunger. Yet worldwide, governments pour perhaps a few trillion dollars annually into military budgets, while millions die of hunger. This struck me as a tragedy and pulled at my heart. The Buddha, in the Dhammapada, had said: ‘There is no illness like hunger,’ and he often stressed the merits of providing food to the hungry. Thereby I saw a close fit between traditional Buddhist values and a more precise mission for BGR.

    Bhikkhu Bodhi’s visibility in American public discourse over the past several years, especially as a representative of a “minority” religion in the US, is already impressive. In May this year, he was at George Washington University and the White House to discuss Buddhist civic engagement and the types of policies that Buddhists would like to see implemented. From a long-term perspective, however, Bhikkhu Bodhi doesn’t believe that the small number of Buddhists in the US as a discrete movement can have a significant impact on civic life.

    We are just a few ripples on the surface of the lake. Rather, in my view, our best prospects for giving Buddhist values a role in public affairs would be to join hands with other faith-based organizations that share these values. Rooted in our respective faiths we can present a collective front, advocating for greater social justice, ecological responsibility, a more peaceful foreign policy, and an end to racism and police violence against people of color.

    “This is especially necessary in the US,” he suggests, “since fundamentalist Christians have grabbed the moral high ground, advocating an agenda that seems driven more by bigotry and religious dogmatism than by true benevolence and care for the less fortunate.”

    Many Buddhist leaders as well as voices from other faiths recognize that divided, the religions cannot form a united front on mitigating and transforming many of the selfish and destructive interests that are threatening to exhaust the planet’s resources.

    “The major threat that I see today lies in the ascendency of a purely utilitarian worldview driven by a ruthless economic system that rates everything in terms of its monetary value and sees everything as nothing more than a source of financial profit,” he warns, echoing many similarly dire warnings from other religious public figures.

    Under this mode of thinking, the environment turns into a pool of “natural resources” to be extracted and turned into profit-generating goods, and people are exploited for their labor and then disposed of when they are no longer of use.

    To resist these trends, I believe, we as Buddhists can be most effective by networking with others who regard human dignity and the integrity of the natural world as more precious than monetary wealth. By joining together, a collective voice might emerge that could well set in motion the forces needed to articulate and embody a new paradigm rooted in the intrinsic dignity of the person and the interdependence of all life on Earth. Such collaboration could serve to promote the alternative values that offer sane alternatives to our free-market imperatives of corporatism, exploitation, extraction, consumerism, and toxic economic growth.

    This will be no mean feat, and might be the greatest moral challenge posed to Buddhism and humanity as a whole in our time. To muster the energy to even begin building this united interfaith front, Bhikkhu Bodhi believes that Buddhists in the East and West alike need to nurture stronger humanitarian concern in their hearts.

    Western Buddhists—and I think this is probably largely true among educated Buddhists in Asia—take to the dharma primarily as a path of inward development that bids us look away from the conditions of our societies. If this trend continues, Buddhism will serve as a comfortable home for the intellectual and cultural elite, but risks turning the quest for enlightenment into a private journey that offers only a resigned quietism in the face of the immense suffering which daily afflicts countless human lives.

    He believes there are two primary moral principles involved in this effort. “One is love, which arises from empathy, the ability to feel the happiness and suffering of others as one’s own. When love is directed toward those afflicted with suffering, it manifests as compassion, the sharing of their suffering, coupled with a determination to remove their suffering,” he says.

    The other principle that goes along with love is justice. Some of my Buddhist friends have objected to this, saying that justice is a concept foreign to Buddhism. I don’t agree. I think the word dhamma, in one of its many nuances, can be understood to signify justice, as when the “wheel-turning monarch” is described as dhammiko dhammaraja, which I would render “a righteous king of righteousness,” or “a just king of justice.” In my understanding, justice arises when we recognize that all people possess intrinsic value, that all are endowed with inherent dignity, and therefore should be helped to realize this dignity.

    Bhikkhu Bodhi finally joins the two concepts to form a distinct ethical ideal.

    When compassion and justice are unified, we arrive at what I call conscientious compassion. This is compassion, not merely as a beautiful inward feeling of empathy with those suffering, but a compassion that gives birth to a fierce determination to uplift others, to tackle the causes of their suffering, and to establish the social, economic, and political conditions that will enable everyone to flourish and live in harmony. 

    He invokes the idea of dependent origination to explain the need to see the interdependence between states of mind (particularly those governed by greed and delusion) and an economic system built on the premise of unlimited growth on a finite planet. Bhikkhu Bodhi concludes that if humanity is to avoid a horrific fate, a double transformation is necessary. First, we must undergo an “inner conversion” away from the quest to satisfy proliferating desires and the constant stimulation of greed or craving. But change is also needed in our institutions and social systems. Bhikkhu Bodhi suggests people turn away from an economic order based on incessant production and consumption and move toward a steady-state economy managed by people themselves for the benefit of their communities, rather than by corporate executives bent on market dominance and expanding profits.

    At its most radical level, the dharma teaches that the highest happiness is to be realized through the complete renunciation of craving. But few are capable of such a degree of detachment. To make the message more palatable, we have to stress such values as contentment, simplicity, the appreciation of natural beauty, and fulfillment through meaningful relationships, and the effort to control and master the mind.
  • A version of this essay first appeared in Buddhistdoor Global.
katy steger, modified 5 Years ago.

RE: Bhikkhu Bodhi on climate change, social justice, and saving the world

Posts: 1741 Join Date: 10/1/11 Recent Posts
Here are upcoming dates for Buddhist Global Reliefs annual fundraising walks:

Having walked in NYC a couple times with them, it's always been a pleasure to meet them and walk to raise awaresness about death from hunger, non-thriving and difficult lives through malnutrition and causes of malnutrition, like habitat and agricultural means, and know this is a fund raiser to counter the ill of hunger.

Their current projects are in the banner to the right of the "splash page" and include U.S.-based projects in support of healthy food security.

And their financial information, the U.S. Form 990 required of U.S. non-profits, for example, they make easily available on their site, both with the latest 990 data presented in a banner at the bottom of the screen and yearly in their "Financial information link."

I hope more dharma organizations and teachers will enjoy and join their example.
  • I learned that it would take only about $40 billion a year to eliminate global hunger. 

That is every person on the planet coming up with 1.5 cents a day, or even if 1 in a hundred gave a $1.50.  This situation has always bothered me, yet I have done little.  This I must change.  It is not that I do not know how much selfish and greediness is left within, but where is my counteraction to this represented in the world?

This will be my next thing to start, immediatley, even if it is only a little.  

Thank you Katy, for the reawakening.

And for the rest of the article, time to get back in track.

  • I learned that it would take only about $40 billion a year to eliminate global hunger. 
So, I am thinking, and reflecting on the literally thousands and thousands of dollars taken from my paychecks, sales taxes taken etc, donations given to churches , fundraisers, other charity donations, even the odd few dollars here and there to a homeless person, this adds up to alot of money.

So, my point is , that the money to actually stop world hunger is already there, it just needs to be shifted a little.  This is not saying I will not do more, personally.

But, on a macroeconomic level, how can the population of the world just stand by and let these people just die?  Everyday?  When the power ot stop people from dying due to lack of food is in our grasp?

 I mean the world population could literally end World Hunger by the end of the week.

Is the Human mind really that delusional and irrational?  I guess it is.

As I write this, I am eating a bowl of grits, that couldn't have cost more than 25 cents. Sales Tax on a five dollar sandwich is 35 cents.  The money is there.  I do think that alot of humanity is mashed down economically, living on a few dollars a day, so they can not really help.  Even though machines do most of heavy work on this planet, and that producivity profit is skimmed away to Towers, Yachts, and Helicopters...



Just FYI link
katy steger, modified 5 Years ago.

RE: Bhikkhu Bodhi on climate change, social justice, and saving the world

Posts: 1741 Join Date: 10/1/11 Recent Posts
Thank you for replying. 

{edited for brevity & focus}


I know it is hard to "act" outside of oneself in the "dark night"; yet, a kind/generous action can be small and perfect, helpful and a great kindness.)

E.g., Two years ago this is how Charity Navigator rated several organizations helping with Syrian refugees in particular:

E.g. And another: Buddhist Global Relief as a special fund for Rohingya peoples, Islamic practitioners persecuted in Burma (a buddhist country..) with a letter signed by several well known Buddhist teachers.

As you noted, Psi, we actually have to participate in changes we'd like to see take root. 

Thank you for replying.

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