DhO Acronyms


  • DhO: the Dharma Overground (this forum)
  • IMS: Insight Meditation Society, vipassana retreat centre in Massachusetts, USA
  • KFD: Kenneth Folk Dharma, pragmatic dharma forum emphasising Kenneth Folk's 'Three Gear Transmission' approach. Also Kenneth's personal website


  • 1st Path/2nd Path/3rd Path/4th Path: Usually refer to attainments as described in MCTB here.
  • 3Cs: the Three Characteristics, also the insight stage
  • 4NTs: the Four Noble Truths [1] [2]
  • A&P: The Arising & Passing Away (insight stage) [1] [2]
  • DO - Dependent Origination [1] [2 (pdf)]
  • DN: the Dark Night (the insight stages)
  • EQ: Equanimity (the insight stage)
  • MCTB: Mastering the Core Teachings of the Buddha, Daniel Ingram's book
  • MCTB 2: Working title for project to update and expand on MCTB with assistance of DhO members. Also called 'Remastering the Core Teachings of the Buddha'
  • NS: Nirodha Samapatti, 'The Cessation of Perception and Feeling' (temporary attainment) [1] [2]
  • SE: Stream Entry (aka 1st Path)[1] [2] [3]

Other types of meditation:

  • 6Rs: Technique taught at Recognize, Release, Relax, Re-smile, Return, Repeat
  • MBSR: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction
  • TM: Transcendental Meditation


  • AF: Actual Freedom [1] [2] [3]
  • AFT: the Actual Freedom Trust, usually used to refer to the Actual Freedom Trust website
  • EE: Excellence Experience
  • HAIETMOBA : How Am I Experiencing This Moment Of Being Alive ("Note: asking how one is experiencing this moment of being alive is not the actualism method; consistently enjoying and appreciating this moment of being alive is what the actualism method is")
  • PCE: Pure Consciousness Experience [1] [2] [3]
  • VF: Virtual Freedom